My Art Teacher
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Bauhaus

The movement emphasized "Truth to Materials".

 

Bauhaus, which translates to English as "Build Haus", gathered together many artists in Germany and Europe to create a style of art that influenced painting, design, and architecture (an architect is an artist who designs buildings). 

 

As this movement grew, it became increasingly important to industrial design (buildings, furniture, other items built by industries).

 

Bauhaus started to look "Constructivist" (to construct) or Geometric (think shapes), and  created thinkgs using the basic elements of art.

 

Many architects working in New York were heavily influenced by this movement. German architect, Ludwig Mies Van der Rohe created the famous Seagram building in NYC below.

 

Compare New York's skyscrappers and grid to Bahaus below, and note the similarities.

De Stijl (The Style) was an Art Movement that existed alongside Bauhaus, and both shared many of the same ideas, but were lead by different people. 

 

Piet Mondrian was a Dutch painter of De Stijl, which influenced New York City architecture. Much of New York city was built by Dutch People. Before NYC was called Manhattan, it was called New Amsterdam (Amsterdam is a Dutch city in the Netherlands). Eventually, NYC was renamed Manhattan, based on its original Native American name, Manna-hata.

Below are some examples of Piet Mondrians work, and those of De Stijl. Click any of the images to link to more about Piet Mondrian.

 

Fun Fact*

The founder (or creater)of De Stijl was artist,Theo van Doesburg, who also founded DADA. THe most famous DADA artist being Marcel Duchamp. Poor Doesburg! Hecreated all these ideas, but had to watch all these other artists become famous for them : (

Piet Mondrian's work is about simple lines, shapes, and color. He only used Primary colors, keeping the image "pure" and minimal (this eventually influences artists to create an art movement called Minimalism). De stijl and Bauhaus also influence a style of art called Optical Art, or Opt-Art.

 

Another Fun Fact*

The South Bronx was not heavily influenced by Bauhaus or De stijl. You can see some similarities in geometric form, but mainly The South Bronx was influenced by a competing style called Art Deco. 

 

The South Bronx has many world famous Art Deco buildings you have probably walked passed! Art Deco architecture has a lot of ornamentation or decorative qualities (note, not all buildings with ornamentation are Art Deco). Below are some of tour Art Deco buildings (how are they different from Bauhaus?).

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